Child Psychology and Psychiatry Review 1999; 4(3):117-125
Reproduced with permission the Association for Child and Mental Health and Blackwell Publishing.The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com’.
E. Arbiter, R. Sato-Tanaka, I. Kolvin, I.Leitch, "Differences in behaviour and temperament between Japanese and British toddlers living in London: a pilot study" , Child Psychology and Psychiatry Review, Volume 4, No. 3, pp. 117 -125, (Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 1999).
The aim of this postal survey was to highlight differences in temperament and behaviour between 32 toddlers in Japanese families living temporarily in London and 36 in British families, all in London. Mothers completed questionnaires about demography, perinatal events, and their child's temperament and behaviour. UK toddlers were described as exhibiting fewer behavioural symptoms than Japanese toddlers. Significantly more of the Japanese toddlers scored above the cutoff on the Behaviour Check List, indicating higher levels of behavioural disturbance. An interesting item is 'sleeping with parent', which occurs commonly in Japanese families and is considered to be normal for that culture. On the Toddle Temperament Scale the Japanese toddlers proved more distractible and more intense than the UK toddlers when age had been allowed for. It was of interest that Japanese girls proved more distractible than Japanese boys and UK girls. Possible explanations for the differences are advanced.