British Journal of Psychiatry 1999; 174:112-120
With thanks to the Royal College of Psychiatrists for their support for this project. This article has been reproduced from the British Journal of Psychiatry, with the original available here: http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/174/2/112.full.pdf+html
H.Sadowski, B. Ugarte, I. Kolvin, C. Kaplan & J. Barnes, "Early life family disadvantages and major depression in adulthood", British Journal of Psychiatry, Volume 174, pp. 112-120, (Royal College of Psychiatrists, 1999).
There is now considerable evidence from population studies (Rodgers, 1990b; Kessler & Magee, 1993) and other cohort studies (Brown & Harris, 1993; Brown & Moran, 1994) that adults who have been exposed to adverse life events in middle or later childhood are at increased risk for adult depression.
Over the past decades there has been an impressive accumulation of evidence that poor maternal care in childhood (Parker, 1979; Perris et al, 1986; Birtchnell, 1988), unsatisfactory child/parent relationships (Abraharns & Whitlock, 1969), parental 'affectionless control' (Mackinnon et al, 1993), and parental marital problems or marital separation (Rodgers, 1994) are associated with an increased risk of suffering from depression in later life.